Plant the Japanese maple in its new hole and cover the tree's root ball with the excess soil from the new hole. Next, prune off dead wood — that is, any dead twigs or brittle branches that no longer grow foliage. Avoid shearing. Portland, OR 97210 Identification. The overall health. Japanese maples have a shallow, sparse root system, making it feasible to remove their stumps without renting a stump grinder or hiring a tree company. If you’re planning to prune a Japanese maple yourself, follow these guidelines for best results: Our #1 Tip for Pruning Japanese maples: Call Us. Red Japanese maple trees are classified as a deciduous broadleaf and planted in home landscapes as an ornamental feature. In this case, it was easy to decide which branch to cut. This might cause it to grow excessively and uncontrollably. The primary reasons are related to the health of the tree, while aesthetics also play a big part. Reapply this mixture after a heavy rain. Avoid trying to majorly reshape. Turn over leaves and check their undersides for insects like aphids, which love to chew on Japanese maples. Japanese maples can handle anything from a light trim to more extensive pruning, depending on the time of year and the tree's health. 4. 1. Japanese Maples, also known as Lace Leaf, are some of the most attractive and valuable trees in any garden, so if you are lucky enough to have one on your property, you want to treat it right. Brenda says: October 18, 2017 at 2:38 pm I'm interested in other trees as well. Unless your weather turns exceptionally dry, reduce the amount of water you give the tree in autumn. When the ground freezes, trees are deprived of water, and they can suffer winter damage as a result. Call our Portland arborists today for the health of your Japanese maples. Protect your Japanese maple tree from late spring frosts. Japanese maple roots tend to grow more outward than downward. Prune out small twigs and branches on the … Wrap a heavy duty chain around the topmost part of the trunk, using the chain hook that is connected to the end of the chain to secure it. Wrap the other end of the chain around the tow ball of the trunk, using the chain hook to secure this end as well. Most maples will show burn their first few years as they acclimate to our climate. Disinfect your tools after each tree to prevent the spread of disease. You need to know that because often times suckers grow from the rootstock and those suckers need to be removed as soon … This will leave unsightly holes in the canopy. The two most common forms of this tree are the upright, understory tree (Acer palmatum and cvs.) The third step is to separate the tree into layers. It has been said that pruning is a science and an art. You will want to dig wide– at least as wide as the tree’s crown, if not wider. Pruning Japanese Maple Trees Formative pruning is not required because Japanese Acers naturally form an elegant shape over time. That means that the beautiful tree that you are enjoying in your yard is actually growing on the roots of a more generic but extremely hardy Japanese maple. This will stimulate better color changes. Back the truck up several feet so there is slack in the chain. The tree reaches a height of 20 feet and is hardy to plant in USDA growing zones 5 to 8, where it produces an attractive fall foliage color that turns from green to yellow and purple. Stacey says: October 16, 2017 at 12:26 pm Love this idea! Home » Blog » Trimming Japanese Maple (Lace Leaf). This will come in handy later, to improve leverage when pulling out the Japanese maple stump with a truck. The Japanese maple tree (Acer palmatum) is a garden staple in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 9. Most, but not all, Japanese Maples are Grafted. When the leaves fall off and the subtle shape of a Japanese maple’s trunk is revealed during the winter months, it can be tempting to get the clippers out and get to work. Japanese maple trees are popular indoor and outdoor plants. The Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum) is a fabulous addition to any garden and will grow from 0.5m to 25m offering a splendour of colour with its distinctive-shaped leaves.Originally cultivated in Japan (hence the name), the striking Japanese Maple with its gnarly trunk and pretty leaves (called momiji – meaning baby hands) have been popular garden additions since the 1800s. Keep pruning to a minimum, removing only crossed, damaged and badly placed stems to create an open framework. The first one is that any branches that have a diameter larger than half of the size of the trunk should never be cut off. Stand back from the stump and chain when applying pressure with a truck, as either could suddenly come free and cause bodily harm to anyone standing nearby. The things you need to know about Japanese maple trees. The second one is that you should never prune as much as to remove more than 1/5 of the crown of the maple. Cutting as many of the lateral roots as possible will make it easier to pull the stump out with a truck. Wrap the chain around the rootball and secure it with the chain hook. Once the root ball is wrapped, place the tree on a hand truck so it can easily be moved to the new location. TIP: Our expert gardening advisor, Kathy Bosin adds, "Never remove a limb that is greater than half the diameter of the tree's trunk. Remove branches that intrude into the layers above and below them. Pruning the upright Japanese maple involves four main steps. Finally, it takes a fair amount of time to do the job right. There are two limits to pruning Japanese maple trees that you should be aware of. What about the overall health of the tree? In this post, we discuss why and when to prune Japanese maples. This will make it easier to excavate the roots, but also allows the roots that anchor the tree vertically into the soil to slide out more easily when pressure is applied with a truck. Pruning the maple several times a year is a great way to keep the maple in good health and looking elegant. What is the condition of the root system. To keep the form of a weeping Japanese maple tree, you should remove any branches that cross the midline of the tree. A white fungus known as powdery mildew is one of several leaf diseases prone to attacking the brightly colored Japanese maple tree, Acer palmatum. Due to the complex nature of their branching patterns, and their position of great value in the landscape, Japanese maples require expert pruning from experienced Portland arborists. Japanese maple trees are likely to survive an attack, although the disorder can be unsightly. Prune your Japanese maple once every two or three years to thin out overcrowded branches. Summer can also be a good time for removing larger branches and for removing dead, damaged, or diseased wood. Wrap the Japanese maple's root ball with burlap on mid-sized or larger trees. 503-226-7143. Prune to remove dead branches mostly on the interior. Know the tree. That’s why we recommend leaving such fine tree care to professional Portland arborists. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The best time to trim most ornamental and fruit trees is during the winter months while they are dormant. Position a truck on a flat, firm surface near the stump of the Japanese maple. Now that the Japanese maple's stump has been brought to the ground, part of the root system should be sticking up in the air. It grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 8. Japanese maples (Acer palmatum) are one of the most delicate, fine-textured trees for use as a focal point in the home landscape. Raking the leaves up as they fall -- the sooner, the better -- removes the active spores from around the Japanese maple tree or shrub. Successfully transplanting a Japanese maple trees is based on a several factors. Cut … They grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5b through 8b and come in a wide variety of cultivars, ranging from 6 feet to 20 feet in height. These trees are among the most difficult and complicated to prune. Wrap the root ball in burlap to hold it intact and to prevent a mess when moving the tree from one spot to another. He holds a Master's Degree in Environmental Planning and Design from the University of Georgia. His blog, Food for Thought, explores the themes of land use, urban agriculture, and environmental literacy. The Age of the tree. The size of the tree to be transplanted. Trimming takes time and it will not look good half done. If the trunk does not give way, press the accelerator slightly, giving it more gas until the top of the trunk comes forward to the ground. Sugar maple, Japanese maple and Silver maple are the other common species that are more affected by this disease. The final step is to evenly … Our #1 Tip for Pruning Japanese maples: Call Us. Go underneath the Japanese maple tree and remove the lower branches. What is the desired form of the tree? Young trees are especially susceptible, but trees of any age can profit from a proper fall watering regimen. It is an art because it involves understanding aesthetic beauty. Try to visualize how the tree will look with each branch removed, and keep the one that you think would look best. It takes years of experience to learn how to do a good job trimming a Japanese maple. If you are transplanting your Japanese maple … If the tree is low-sweeping, you may need to do this while lying on your back on the ground. Never attempt to remove the stump of a Japanese maple using a truck if the tree is growing adjacent to a underground pipe, utility line, paved surface, house foundation, fence, lamp post or other structure. Begin training the tree when it is two or three years old. Rather than making a mistake that threatens the life of your Japanese maple, contact our Portland tree pruning service for ongoing expertise and support. These questions need to be answered in order for your landscape to look its best. This will come in handy later, to improve leverage when pulling out the Japanese maple stump with a truck. 5. Use clean cuts back to lateral branches or buds. Move the tree to its new location and loosen the burlap. If you’re planning to prune a Japanese maple yourself, follow these guidelines for best results: Prune to remove dead branches mostly on the interior. For the most part, pruning Japanese maples is confined to removing dead wood and fine stems, which obstruct the handsome skeleton of the tree. Start the truck and let it creep forward slowly until the chain becomes taut. Cut down the tree, but leave the stump at least 3 or 4 feet tall. Use a mattock for cutting through roots up to 1 1/2 inches in diameter and use an axe to cut through larger roots. ), a much smaller, weeping tree often used as a garden focal point. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w-----How to Start a Cutting From a Japanese Maple Tree. Water your Japanese maple tree properly during the fall season. But the Japanese Maple has always been a favorite of mine, yet I've never had one in my yard! Are there competing or crossing branches? Grown inside, the tree grows into a thick shrub with numerous branches. Pruning Japanese maples are no exception. Once your trench is done, it is time to shape the root ball for burlaping. 2950 NW 29th Ave Suite 400 Japanese maples are low-maintenance trees with beautiful red foliage. If you have questions about your Japanese maple, please contact us by phone at 503-479-5921 or fill out our online contact form and we’ll get back to you. Prune away any damaged, diseased or dead wood in the winter, when the leaves have fallen from the tree, and remove any crowded stems or small branches. Avoid trying to majorly reshape. Remove the loose soil from the area with a wheelbarrow, reserving it for use in filling the hole after removing the stump. Many gardeners prune Japanese Maple quite heavily when young, to remove multiple stems and create a single-trunk tree. Do not remove the dead leaves as they are providing shade to the other leaves and, more importantly, the bark of the limbs. Water the Japanese maple thoroughly. Pull the truck forward again slowly until the chain is taut and then press the accelerator until the root ball comes completely out of the ground. Placing a layer of mulch (keep 3 inches away from trunk) in summer will help reduce burn. Tip 1 Choose a variety that is rated to be cold hardy in your zone. "Japanese maples may be troubled by anthracnose, powdery mildew, leaf spot, leaf scorch, root rot, aphids, scales and borers," according … Which branch is the leader or apex branch? Wrap in Burlap. Be sure to be consistent watering and In addition to pruning skills, there are other key variables to consider, such as having the proper tools and avoiding the spread of disease and pathogens. This will create growth inconsistent with the flowing, drooping branches. Give us a call! Cutting off the tree to avoid the spread of the disease to the other maple trees in the area, is the only solution to this disease. So unlike many plants, the summer months may not be the best choice for planting. This will leave unsightly holes in the canopy. But consider your climate. There are several reasons to prune. It takes the skill and talent of a Portland tree pruning service to work with these trees and to shape, define, and encourage their inherently beautiful nature. Young trees need to have the lowest limbs removed to enhance clearance. Extensive training in proper techniques is necessary. Stumps of the smaller specimens can generally be removed by hand, but the larger varieties, once mature, may need the assistance of a truck to pull them out. We also explore some of the nuances of aesthetic pruning that are necessary to properly care for these elegant trees. Selecting the proper Japanese maple tree for your garden or landscape depends on 5 factors: hardiness, location (sun or shade), mature size, type (lace leaf or palmatum) and preferred leaf color. Removing the burlap completely isn't necessary, as it will eventually decompose into organic material. An arborist or horticulturist must understand both aspects in order to be successful with the job at hand. Property damage may result. The Japanese maple tree, scientifically known as Acer palmatum, features a graceful, spreading shape and brilliant foliage that, depending on the cultivar, can turn from green in the spring to maroon in the summer to crimson, yellow or bronze in the fall. Reply . and its little brother, the Japanese laceleaf maple (Acer palmatum var. Outdoors, you can trim the lower branches and shape the crown to tailor the appearance of the tree as it grows. Japanese maples, especially young trees, have some sensitivity to extreme heat and sunlight. Brian Barth works in the fields of landscape architecture and urban planning and is co-founder of Urban Agriculture, Inc., an Atlanta-based design firm where he is head environmental consultant. dissectum and cvs. Reply. This disease has the capacity to destroy a fully grown tree. Cut down the tree, but leave the stump at least 3 or 4 feet tall. How to Kill the Root of a Silver Dollar Tree, Tree Removal: Stump Removal -- Tips, Techniques and Methods on How to Remove a Tree Stump Yourself, University of Minnesota Extension Service: Removing Trees and Shrubs, Texas A & M Agrilife Extension: Japanese Maples for Glorious Fall Color. Excavate as much of the Japanese maple's root system as possible by hand. If you find them, spray the leaves with a spray bottle full of water mixed with a teaspoon of dishwashing liquid to deter them. Remove any limbs that are rubbing against each other or are too close. Planting in very early spring or well into fall suits these trees just fine. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Water the soil around the stump deeply the day before attempting to remove it. 3. We are open and operating during covid-19. Spend some time getting to know its structure. Pruning is a science because it involves knowledge of plant biology and botany. The Japanese maple is a beautiful tree and the leaves are so small that they don't cause a big pileup of leaves in the fall. What branches need to be pruned? Japanese maples are elegant in all seasons, with delicate leaves, fine fall color, and the loveliest branch patterns in the world. The first is to prune off lower limbs that crowd other low-growing shrubs or possibly impede a walkway. 2. Norway maples are most susceptible to maple wilt. Place the Japanese maple into the center of the new container with the roots fanned out at the bottom. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- How to Transplant a Japanese Maple Tree. For Japanese maples, it is recommended to do structural pruning in the winter and wait until late spring, after the leaves come out, for fine pruning. How to Prune Up Overgrown Japanese Maple Trees. 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