It is located at 2835’0N 6525’0E with an altitude of 692 metres (2273 feet).The ancient name of Kharan was Karan or Qaran. Calving interval is normally two years and average reproductive life of a female is about 20 years. Kharani camel is found in the desert ecosystem of the Chaghai Kharan desert ecological zone. Thus, they are found in extremely arid conditions, regions receiving less than 100 mm of annual rainfall. According to the historian Istakhari, its name was Qaran after the name of the Qaran or Barfen mountains. They feed on grasses and leaves of desert plants and obtain water from their food and dew. This breed is also called as Boor locally because of its color (Fawn) as presented in the figure. Majid and his friend Mehran took us in their SUVs trough desert lands, sand dunes, salt lakes, medieval cities, Zaratustrian temples and villages, and did this with perfection, sensitivity and awareness of our expectations and wishes for the tour. The dorcas gazelle is well-adapted to life in the desert. These animals usually take shelter inside rock crevices and come out at the time of foraging. The high milk yield is one of the best economic potentials of this breed. The species is now found in only 6 of the 18 countries where it once existed. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. This animal is a cold-blooded creature and hence goes into hibernation from September to April. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums. The species is native to Mauritania, Chad, and Niger. The Sahara Desert is home to the Marathon des Sables 150-mile footrace. Mammal species include those that can survive for an extended period without water intake, such as the fennec fox, pale fox, African wild dog, Saharan cheetah, and the dorcas gazelle. The African silverbill is a sociable bird that perch atop trees in large flocks often huddled close together for long periods of time. The addax antelopes are highly adapted to live in the harsh desert conditions and can sustain themselves without water for indefinite periods of time. Except for some non-descript camel majority of the camel, a population is composed of the Kharani breed. The same methodology is used in the countries of Central Asia and the product is known as camel Vodka locally. It occupies an area of 9,400,000 square km that is comparable to the size of the United States. It … We had the most experiencing and interesting tour in the desert lands between Isfahan and Yazd. Love in Hills, A Nomad’s Family Story by Michael Asher, Calotropis Plant, a Desert Beauty and a Future Hope, The Photostory of a Years Old Camel Died of Eating Rubish in the Desert, Camel died of Pica, eating all types of rubbishy, Camel Milk and Addition of New Products to the Dairy Industry. The black-faced firefinch (Lagonosticta larvata) is a common bird belonging to the estrildid finch family of Africa. The highlands include Makran, Kharan, Chaghi, Sulaiman, Pab, and Kirthar ranges. 70 mammalian species, 90 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, and other smaller forms of life are found in the Sahara Desert. After the rainy season of moon soon in July and August, abundant vegetation is available there. The fruits of this plant is use for some remedies as herbal. Desert animals have evolved ways to help them keep cool and use less water. However, the Sahara holds much more life than that. These camels have been domesticated by the human settlers of the Sahara and are utilized for various purposes like transport and meat. The respondents stated that the animals are sold in the local market of the town and rarely sell locally. The Sahara Desert is usually imagined as a vast, parched, lifeless stretch of sandy landscape with scattered nomadic tribes and their domesticated camels. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums. One is the increase in food in desert regions due to the successful growth of specific crops that are well-suited to the dry and hot environment. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, jackals, foxes, wild cats, lizards and snakes etc. It is a resident bird of dry savanna regions of Africa bordering the Sahara Desert. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The list of desert animals and descriptions about them should help us understand them in a better manner. The desert was used for nuclear testing by the Pakistan • military, making it the most famous of the five deserts. What Is The Temperature In The Sahara Desert? They live in big groups of 10-80 animals and forage together. The critically endangered species of gazelle, the dama gazelle (Nanger dama) is today found only in Niger, Chad, and Mali though earlier it had a more widespread distribution. Approximately 70 different animal species live in the Sahara. Currently, the bird is classified as Least Concern because of its widespread distribution. The small farmers are mostly sedentary owners provide supplementation in the winter season because of the low or even no vegetation availability in the region. Here, on our list of "What Animals Live In The Sahara Desert?" ( Log Out /  illegal export to Iran both male and female animals, a threat to the ecosystem of Kharani breed because of the deforestation and some herders now practice cross-breeding to produce Rodbari camel which is a good race animal in the desert. Deserts around the world vary in the types of animals they offer. This is also called the ‘Sandy Desert’ and is located in the Province of Balochistan. View all posts by Dr Raziq. This is the reason why most of these camels are domesticated by the people living in or near the Sahara Desert. Its sandy color well camouflages it in the desert, making it difficult to be detected.The Rüppell's fox (Vulpes rueppellii) is a small fox with a sandy coat and an omnivorous diet. Only about 250 mature adults of this critically endangered species survive today. The presence of a pair of supraocular "horns" helps to easily distinguish this viper species from others. Among the top predatory animals that live in the Sahara Desert is the Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki). The desert monitor feeds primarily on rodents, fish, and eggs but it might also feed on birds, small mammals, and other creatures if the opportunity arises. The exposed rock formations in the desert have also yielded fossils whose study have contributed significantly to … They have a single hump unlike the two humps of the Bactrian species. The addax, a species of white antelope, is known to survive for as long as a year without drinking water. The male camel is selected for breeding with the characteristics of higher milk, adaptation in the desert ecosystem, boor or fawn color. Change ). Rainfall is very scarce in the desert leaving it with dry lakes. Desert agroforestry is the growing of crops with the environmental support of trees in desert or arid areas. Addax Antelope. The second major breeding goal is to produce camel well adapted to the desert ecosystem. Life in the stark nomadic environs of Balochistan shifts in tune to the shifting dunes of the great Kharan Desert. 70 mammalian species, 90 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, and several species of spiders, scorpions, and other smaller forms of life, call the Sahara Desert their home. There are even desert crocodiles in parts of Mauritania and Chad. By incorporating these two agricultural techniques,countries should expect two results. Hunting for food, capture for farming, loss of habitat, etc., has led to the rapid decline of the population of this ostrich. The colors are fawn, red brown, white and yellow. The lizards grow up to 1-2 meters in length and have an average lifetime of about eight years in the wild. Animal agriculture is the centuries old occupation of the people residing in Balochistan, especially Chaghi Kharan ecology. Here is a discussion between 2 scientis…, Sharing Ideas in Agriculture and Allied Fields. Kharani camel is one of the important camel breed, well adapted to desert ecosystem and play a pivotal role in the socio-economic and socio-cultural life of the pastoral people of that region. The Indus Valley Desert is drier and less hospitable than the Northwestern thorn scrub forests that surround it. Among the top predatory animals that live in the Sahara Desert is the Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki). The milk is being used fresh, soured (Sorain) and added in tea. km. Desert-Themed Names That Will Stand Out. Thus, it is the largest hot desert in the world. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Sahara Sea: A Hypothetical Project To Create A Sea In The Sahara Desert. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. It grows up to about 9 feet in length, has a pinkish-red neck, black/white plumage in males and gray plumage in females. Small, thickset, herbivorous mammals, the rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) is found across sub-Saharan Africa. The Sahara Desert hosts an incredible array of species that are well-adapted to survive in the extreme desert climate. The region is the cradle of the precious animal genetic resources like Kharani camel and Morak goat. we present some of the most iconic species of the Sahara Desert. A venomous species of snake, the viper Cerastes vipera inhabits the Sahara Desert. I’m PhD in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Farms for Livestock Production, Camel dairying, Alain, UAE. Such crossbred animal is highly liked by the smugglers which are being used for drug trafficking in the triangle of Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran. The dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas), a small gazelle species, inhabits the Sahara Desert and surrounding grasslands. Weaning weight at (12 months) is about 165-180 kg. The milk is widely used in the region and therefore having high consumer preference. GARUK DAM PROJECT Location: The proposed dam site is located across Garuk River at about 47 Kms South East of Kharan district of Baluchistan. These gazelles feed on leaves, fruits, grasses, and shoots of desert plants. Table Biometric parameters of Kharani breed (cm), Table Reproductive and productive traits of the Kharani Camel, v  High milk yield in the hostile desert conditions. It is basically covered with sand dunes, scrub vegetation and weathered rocks. Indiscriminate hunting has wiped out large populations of this animal. 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