$\Delta H^{\circ}=-168.0 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ [CBSE Sample Paper for 2006] [1] SHOW SOLUTION Power $\left.=\frac{\text { energy }}{\text { time }} \text { and } 1 W=1 \quad J s^{-1}\right)$. Mol. Which of the following are open close or nearly isolated system ? $H C l(g)+H_{2} O \rightarrow H_{3} O^{+}(a q)+C l^{-}(a q)$ $\begin{aligned} \therefore \text { Total heat capacity of calorimeter } &=125 \times 4.184 \\ &=523 \mathrm{JK}^{-1} \end{aligned}$ PayPal, G Pay, ApplePay, Amazon Pay, and all major credit cards accepted. $\Delta G=\Delta H-T \Delta S$ Molar heat capacity of $L i(s)=3.57 \times 7=25.01 J \mathrm{mol}^{-1} K^{-1}$, Molar heat capacity of $N a(s)=1.23 \times 23=28.3 \mathrm{J} \mathrm{mol}^{-1} \mathrm{K}^{-1}$, Molar heat capacity of $K(s)=0.756 \times 39=29.5 \mathrm{J} \mathrm{mol}^{-1} \mathrm{K}^{-1}$, Molar heat capacity of $R b(s)=0.363 \times 85=30.88 J \mathrm{mol}^{-1} \mathrm{K}^{-1}$, Molar heat capacity of $C s(s)=0.242 \times 133=32.2 \mathrm{J} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$, The trend is that there is continuous increase of molar heat capacity with increase in atomic mass. So, molar heat capacity of these elements can be obtained by multiplying specific heat capacity by atomic mass. Calculate the bond enthalpy of $H C l .$ Given that the bond enthalpies of $H_{2}$ and $C l_{2}$ are $430 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ and $242 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ respectively and $\Delta \mathrm{H}_{f}^{\circ}$ for $H C l s-95 k J m o l^{-1}$ (ii) $\Delta G_{r}^{\circ}=\left[\Delta G_{f}^{\circ} \mathrm{C} a^{2+}(a q)+\Delta G_{f}^{\circ} H_{2} O(l)+\Delta G_{f}^{\circ} \mathrm{CO}_{2}(g)\right]$ $\frac{109}{18} \times 36=218 \mathrm{JK}^{-1}$, $\Delta_{v a p} S=\frac{\Delta_{v a p} H}{T_{b}}=\frac{40.63 \times 1000 \mathrm{J} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}}{373 \mathrm{K}}=109 \mathrm{JK}^{-1} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$, Entropy change for evaporation of $36 g$ of wate, $\frac{109}{18} \times 36=218 \mathrm{JK}^{-1}$. SHOW SOLUTION DO NOT send Homework Help Requests or Live Tutoring Requests to our email, or through the form below. Specific heat of $L i(\mathrm{s}), N a(\mathrm{s}), K(s), R b(s)$ and $C s(s)$ at $398 K$ are $3.57,1.23,0.756,0.363$ and $0.242 \mathrm{Jg}^{-1} \mathrm{K}^{-1}$ respectively. Learn the concepts of class 11 Chemistry Thermodynamics topic with these important questions and answers to prepare well for the exams. Home » Chemistry » Thermodynamics » First Law of Thermodynamics » Give the comparison of work of expansion of an ideal Gas and a van der Waals Gas. – oxygen bond in $\mathrm{O}_{2}$ molecules. Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more...Sol. Thus, entropy increases. $\Delta_{v a p} H^{\ominus}$ of $C O=6.04 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ $=-33.84 \mathrm{JK}^{-1} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$, $X \Longrightarrow Y$ if the value of $\Delta H^{\circ}=28.40 \mathrm{kJ}$ and equilibrium, constant is $1.8 \times 10^{-7}$ at $298 \mathrm{K} ?$, $=-2.303 \times 8.314 \times 298 \times \log \left(1.8 \times 10^{-7}\right)=38484.4$, Now, $\Delta G^{\circ}=\Delta H^{\circ}-T \Delta S^{\circ}$, $\therefore \Delta S^{\circ}=\frac{\Delta H^{\circ}-\Delta G^{\circ}}{T}=\frac{28400-38484.4}{298}$, $=-33.84 \mathrm{JK}^{-1} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$, Q. By plotting graph between molar heat capacity and atomic mass, the molar heat capacity of $F r$, (atomic mass $=223$ ) would be $33.5 \mathrm{J} \mathrm{mol}^{-1} \mathrm{K}^{-1}$, Q. $\Delta H$ and $\Delta S$ for the reaction: Calculate the standard Gibb’s energy change, $\Delta G_{f}^{\circ},$ for the following reactions at $298 \mathrm{Kusing}$ standard Gibb’s energy of formation. (iii) $\Delta U$ Calculate (i) $\Delta H, \quad$ (ii) $w$ $\therefore \Delta H^{\circ}=715.0+4 \times 121-(-105.0)=1304.0 \mathrm{kJ} \mathrm{mol}^{-1}$ All HL items are old, recycled materials and are therefore not original. Define thermodynamic equilibrium. [NCERT] $M g O(s)+C(s) \rightarrow M g(s)+C O(g)$ Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more...Sol. For a reaction both $\Delta H$ and $\Delta S$ are positive. Download eSaral App for Video Lectures, Complete Revision, Study Material and much more...Sol. (i) $\quad \mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{OH}(l)+\frac{3}{2} \mathrm{O}_{2}(g) \longrightarrow \mathrm{CO}_{2}+2 \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(l)$ Isolated system : (vi) Coffee in thermos flask. Professionals, Teachers, Students and Kids Trivia Quizzes to test your knowledge on the subject. $\frac{1}{2} H_{2}(g)+\frac{1}{2} C l_{2}(g)+H_{2} O \rightarrow H_{3} O^{+}(a q)+C l^{-}(a q)$ For Board and Competitive exams like JEE, NEET, BITSAT,.. 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